Chapter 8: The Law
2017-Aug-19 Paraglider & Paramotor Instruction
Issuing/Filing a NOTAM
If you have a U.S. event, or do training, or towing where there will be a lot of paramotor or
paraglider flights, it's helpful to give
general aviation pilots the opportunity to know about it. That's done by
filing a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM). It starts by entering GPS coordinates
This is for concentrated paramotor or
paragliding activities only, not casual flying.
Get the Coordinates
First you need to get the coordinates from Google maps.
1. Open Google Maps, find your spot, right click on it, select
"What's Here?" 
2. Click on the
coordinates  to put them in the
search window . They'll look like
this "26.812343, -81.322626".
3. Copy the coordinates.
1. Go to Skyvector.com.
2. Select "WorldVFR" on the right 
3. Mouse and zoom to your site or enter a nearby airport's 3 letter
4. Click on "Flight Plan" upper left
Enter the Airport
1. Find the nearest airport and enter its airport identifier in
In this example it's X14.
2. In the route field
 paste your site's coordinates that
you copied earlier.
3. IMPORTANT! Delete the space between the
coordinates. It's just after the comma.
Get Course From Airport For NOTAM
1. A course line will be drawn to your site from the airport listing
azimuth (or radial) and distance in nautical miles. In this example it's
091 degrees at 8nm.
2. Record these numbers for your NOTAM.
Get Radial & Distance From VOR
need to get a radial and distance form the nearest VOR (a navigation
aid) whose value nowadays is mostly a marked location on pilot
charts. They nearly always have these distinct compass roses around them
showing their magnetic North orientation.
1. Find the nearest VOR,
get it's identifer from the blue rectangle.
2. Insert the identifer in
SkyVector's route field, just to the left of your site's coordinates.
Put a space between them.
3. Hit Enter.
4. A new line will be drawn
from the airport to this VOR then to your site.
5. Record the radial
and distance from the line. That's what Flight Service is most
Establish The Times & Dates
Figure out your dates and times using a 24 hour clock. They may allow
entry in local time but may want them in aviation's standard time,
called "Zulu" or "GMT". Google "Z Time" and it will give the current
time. Use that to know how many hours must be added to local to get Z
So if you're flying from noon to sunset, figure out when sunset is and
round to the next hour. In Florida, during DST, we add 4 hours to local.
So noon is 12+4 or 1600 Z. If sunset is 8:20pm, that's 2020 rounded to
2100. Convert to Z time, 2100+4 is 2500. That's 0100 Z the next day
which is what goes in your NOTAM.
Filing the NOTAM
1. Write your NOTAM. It must have:
- Start date and time,
end date and time.
- Radius in nautical miles.
3nmr means 3 nautical mile radius.
- Altitude range above mean
sea level (MSL). Or use "Surface to". In florida where our example is,
it might be something like "Surface to 3000 MSL.
- Main text like:
"Paraglider towing within 3 nmr of LBV 127 degree radial at 8nm from
surface to 3000 feet MSL"
2. If you'll be near an airport, ask if they
would add a NOTAM to that airport so pilots going there will know about
your operations. It will be a "Pointer" NOTAM referencing the main one.
An example for the above example would be "Paraglider Towing from the
surface to 3000 FT MSL LBV 127 @ 8 NM 3 NMR from 2020-07-22 0900 Z to
3. Call a NOTAM specialist at
to do the filing. Ask politely for their initials in case you need to
modify it. They will need your phone number in case something needs
If you find any errors in this process please
send them to the contact.
Enjoy your flying!