Educational by Chapter of the Powered Paragliding Bible

I: First Flight

01 Training Process

02 Gearing Up

03 Handling the Wing

04 Prep For 1st Flight

05 The Flight

06 Flying With Wheels 

II: Spreading Wings

07 Weather Basics

08 The Law

09 Airspace   

10 Flying Anywhere

11 Controlled Airports

12 Setup & Mx

13 Flying Cross Country

14 Flying With Others

III: Mastery

15 Adv Ground Handling

16 Precision Flying

17 Challenging Sites

18 Advanced Maneuvers

19 Risk Management

20 Competition

21 Free Flight Transition

IV: Theory

22 Aerodynamics

23 Motor & Propeller

24 Weather & Wind

25 Roots: Our History

V: Choosing Gear

26 The Wing

27 The Motor Unit

28 Accessories

29 Home Building

VI: Getting the Most

30 Other Uses

31 Traveling With Gear

32 Photography

--- Not in book ---

33 Organizing Fly-Ins

34 Places To Fly

35 Preserving the Sport

36 Tandem

Harness Adjusting: Hang Angle & Thrust Line

Section II Spreading Your Wings, Chapter 12: Setup & Maintenance
See also Hang Points: High or Low? | Suspension Systems | Harness Myths | Understanding Paramotor Torque

To fully understand the many harness permutations and terminology, check out Harness Systems.

Of many harness and motor adjustments, setting the proper motor hang angle affects far more than comfort. As covered in Chapter 12, correct setup can make or break launches and cause or prevent riser twist crashes.

The diagram at right shows how to adjust some popular styles of harness and how to set those with a hard point attachment.

Hanging back too far will increase the amount of torque effect which makes riser twist more likely. It also makes it more difficult to launch since, as the wing lifts, you get tilted backwards which makes your legs push against the thrust.

Attaching a carabiner incorrectly as shown in the diagram's upper right can (probably will) result in the motor sliding back and pointing nearly directly at the ground. If that happens, you'll end up looking nearly straight up and torquing violently. The only cure is to immediately get off the power, fly the wing, and prepare for impact. Fortunately, if this happens, it's usually right after liftoff or when getting into the seat. A good preflight is your best prevention here.

Thrust Line

When setting your hang angle be mindful of what effect thrust will have while flying.

High Hang Points

Machines with high hang points will normally have the thrust line well below the hang (pivot) point. Power will tend to push you forward and make you lean back at full power. That will also re-direct the thrust more downward which will slightly decrease your climb rate. The diagram at right shows this graphically.

This leaned-back condition will make it harder to launch and aggravate any torque effects. If launching is difficult, adjust the hang angle to be more upright. See Hang Angle Adjustments.

Low Hang Points

On machines with low hang points the thrust line is usually very near or even above the hang (pivot) point. If the thrust line is above the hang point than the motor will tend to make you lean forward. The top of the cage pushes toward the risers.

Be careful since the brakes may get dangerously close to the prop. If they can get through the netting they'll get caught up in the prop. At best the brake handle gets cut off. At worst the brake line wraps up in the propóthat only happens to a pilot once.

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¬© 2016 Jeff Goin & Tim Kaiser   Remember: If there's air there, it should be flown in!